Archive for the ‘Uncategorized’ Category

About the Author

IRENE S. FARKAS-CONN is a consultant, an internationally known expert on information management, and an advocate of new computing, telecommunication, and optical disc technologies to make most effective use of information. A frequent lecturer in the United States and abroad, her experience has led her to examine not only how people use information and how [...]

Appendix B – Archival Collections and Interviews

ARCHIVAL COLLECTIONS American Society for Information Science. Files. Washington, D.C. Archives of the Smithsonian Institution. Science Service Collection. Record Unit 7091. Washington, D.C. Harvard University Archives. Cambridge, Massachusetts. Keyes D. Metcalf Papers. Library of Congress. Central Administration. Files. Washington, D.C. _____ . Manuscript Division. Joint Committee on Materials for Research Collection. Washington, D.C. _____  . American [...]

Appendix A – Presidents of the Society

Presidents of the Society YEAR(S); PRESIDENT 1937-1946 Watson Davis 1947 Waldo G. Leland 1948-1949 Vernon D. Tate 1950-1952 Luther H. Evans 1953 E. Eugene Miller 1954 Milton 0. Lee 1955 Scott Adams 1956 Joseph Hilsenrath 1957 James W. Perry 1958 Herman H. Henkle 1959 Karl F. Heumann 1960 Cloyd Dake Gull 1961 Gerald J. Sophar [...]

10 – A New Profession, A Changed Society

The path that led from Watson Davis’s interest in improving scientific communication to the foundation of the ADI took a sharp turn in 1952, when the ADI was reorganized into a professional society. After the change, as in ancient mythologies, new leaders were now setting the course of the institute; its founder, Watson Davis, had [...]

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9 – A Threat, A Shift, and a New ADI

Bibliographic activities in the country were teeming; the appearance of the first computers and increased automatic data processing led to exploring the fundamentals of information and mechanizing information retrieval in smaller collections. The challenge of setting up and operating large-scale bibliographic operations and establishing new technical information centers brought together librarians, technically trained people, administrators, [...]

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7 – New Winds Blowing

The momentum of wartime research and development activities led to continuing exploration of new concepts in science and technology. The research in electronics, computers and cryptography, and the general interest in the organization and use of scientific information brought about a climate of inquiry concerning the nature of information and communication that led to the [...]

6 – The War Years, then Information Turmoil

ADI quietly continued its activities during the war. The kinds of operations ADI had initiated were taken over by other agencies and expanded far beyond the scope of the original projects. Libraries were routinely engaged in microfilm copying. Industrial organizations feverishly copied key documents to ensure that provision of strategic products would not be disrupted [...]

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5 – Early Years, Early Projects

The new ADI took over the Bibliofilm Service and Auxiliary Publication Service operations of the DDSS and unexpectedly became involved in testing the copyright laws. This chapter first examines ADI’s structure and its membership, then looks at the institute’s activities from its early years through World War II. Davis continued to hold sway over the [...]

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3 – First Steps Toward Realization

By the mid-1930s microfilm technology improved to the point where librarians and archivists with an experimental bent were embarking on microphotographic projects. The first operations based on the 1926 ideas of Slosson and Davis were launched. In 1935, with the support of a grant from the American Chemical Foundation, Davis could start up Science Service’s [...]

2 – Visions and Realities – Documentation in the 1930s

Documentation in the 1930s The first step leading toward the organization of the ADI was Davis’s draft plan for a world bibliography of science, which he followed up in 1933 with a proposal for a Scientific Information Institute (SIT). These plans did not materialize, but they attracted funds that enabled Davis to carry out documentation [...]